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objnam.c

/*    SCCS Id: @(#)objnam.c   3.3   2000/07/23  */
/* Copyright (c) Stichting Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam, 1985. */
/* NetHack may be freely redistributed.  See license for details. */

#include "hack.h"

/* "an uncursed greased partly eaten guardian naga hatchling [corpse]" */
#define PREFIX    80    /* (56) */
#define SCHAR_LIM 127

STATIC_DCL char *FDECL(strprepend,(char *,const char *));
#ifdef OVL0
static boolean FDECL(the_unique_obj, (struct obj *obj));
#endif
#ifdef OVLB
static boolean FDECL(wishymatch, (const char *,const char *,BOOLEAN_P));
#endif

struct Jitem {
      int item;
      const char *name;
};

/* true for gems/rocks that should have " stone" appended to their names */
#define GemStone(typ)   (typ == FLINT ||                    \
                   (objects[typ].oc_material == GEMSTONE && \
                    (typ != DILITHIUM_CRYSTAL && typ != RUBY &&   \
                     typ != DIAMOND && typ != SAPPHIRE &&         \
                     typ != BLACK_OPAL &&       \
                     typ != EMERALD && typ != OPAL)))

#ifndef OVLB

STATIC_DCL struct Jitem Japanese_items[];

#else /* OVLB */

STATIC_OVL struct Jitem Japanese_items[] = {
      { SHORT_SWORD, "wakizashi" },
      { BROADSWORD, "ninja-to" },
      { FLAIL, "nunchaku" },
      { GLAIVE, "naginata" },
      { LOCK_PICK, "osaku" },
      { WOODEN_HARP, "koto" },
      { KNIFE, "shito" },
      { PLATE_MAIL, "tanko" },
      { HELMET, "kabuto" },
      { LEATHER_GLOVES, "yugake" },
      { FOOD_RATION, "gunyoki" },
      { KELP_FROND, "nori" },
      { POT_BOOZE, "sake" },
      {0, "" }
};

#endif /* OVLB */

STATIC_DCL const char *FDECL(Japanese_item_name,(int i));

#ifdef OVL1

STATIC_OVL char *
strprepend(s,pref)
register char *s;
register const char *pref;
{
      register int i = (int)strlen(pref);

      if(i > PREFIX) {
            impossible("PREFIX too short (for %d).", i);
            return(s);
      }
      s -= i;
      (void) strncpy(s, pref, i);   /* do not copy trailing 0 */
      return(s);
}

#endif /* OVL1 */
#ifdef OVLB

char *
obj_typename(otyp)
register int otyp;
{
#ifdef LINT /* static char buf[BUFSZ]; */
      char buf[BUFSZ];
#else
      static char NEARDATA buf[BUFSZ];
#endif
      register struct objclass *ocl = &objects[otyp];
      register const char *actualn = OBJ_NAME(*ocl);
      register const char *dn = OBJ_DESCR(*ocl);
      register const char *un = ocl->oc_uname;
      register int nn = ocl->oc_name_known;


      if (Role_if(PM_SAMURAI) && Japanese_item_name(otyp))
            actualn = Japanese_item_name(otyp);
      switch(ocl->oc_class) {
      case GOLD_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "coin");
            break;
      case POTION_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "potion");
            break;
      case SCROLL_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "scroll");
            break;
      case WAND_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "wand");
            break;
      case SPBOOK_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "spellbook");
            break;
      case RING_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "ring");
            break;
      case AMULET_CLASS:
            if(nn)
                  Strcpy(buf,actualn);
            else
                  Strcpy(buf,"amulet");
            if(un)
                  Sprintf(eos(buf)," called %s",un);
            if(dn)
                  Sprintf(eos(buf)," (%s)",dn);
            return(buf);
      default:
            if(nn) {
                  Strcpy(buf, actualn);
                  if (GemStone(otyp))
                        Strcat(buf, " stone");
                  if(un)
                        Sprintf(eos(buf), " called %s", un);
                  if(dn)
                        Sprintf(eos(buf), " (%s)", dn);
            } else {
                  Strcpy(buf, dn ? dn : actualn);
                  if(ocl->oc_class == GEM_CLASS)
                        Strcat(buf, (ocl->oc_material == MINERAL) ?
                                    " stone" : " gem");
                  if(un)
                        Sprintf(eos(buf), " called %s", un);
            }
            return(buf);
      }
      /* here for ring/scroll/potion/wand */
      if(nn)
            Sprintf(eos(buf), " of %s", actualn);
      if(un)
            Sprintf(eos(buf), " called %s", un);
      if(dn)
            Sprintf(eos(buf), " (%s)", dn);
      return(buf);
}

/* less verbose result than obj_typename(); either the actual name
   or the description (but not both); user-assigned name is ignored */
char *
simple_typename(otyp)
int otyp;
{
    char *bufp, *pp, *save_uname = objects[otyp].oc_uname;

    objects[otyp].oc_uname = 0;           /* suppress any name given by user */
    bufp = obj_typename(otyp);
    objects[otyp].oc_uname = save_uname;
    if ((pp = strstri(bufp, " (")) != 0)
      *pp = '\0';       /* strip the appended description */
    return bufp;
}

boolean
obj_is_pname(obj)
register struct obj *obj;
{
    return((boolean)(obj->dknown && obj->known && obj->onamelth &&
                 /* Since there aren't any objects which are both
                    artifacts and unique, the last check is redundant. */
                 obj->oartifact && !objects[obj->otyp].oc_unique));
}

/* Give the name of an object seen at a distance.  Unlike xname/doname,
 * we don't want to set dknown if it's not set already.  The kludge used is
 * to temporarily set Blind so that xname() skips the dknown setting.  This
 * assumes that we don't want to do this too often; if this function becomes
 * frequently used, it'd probably be better to pass a parameter to xname()
 * or doname() instead.
 */
char *
distant_name(obj, func)
register struct obj *obj;
char *FDECL((*func), (OBJ_P));
{
      char *str;

      long save_Blinded = Blinded;
      Blinded = 1;
      str = (*func)(obj);
      Blinded = save_Blinded;
      return str;
}

#endif /* OVLB */
#ifdef OVL1

char *
xname(obj)
register struct obj *obj;
{
#ifdef LINT /* lint may handle static decl poorly -- static char bufr[]; */
      char bufr[BUFSZ];
#else
      static char bufr[BUFSZ];
#endif
      register char *buf = &(bufr[PREFIX]);     /* leave room for "17 -3 " */
      register int typ = obj->otyp;
      register struct objclass *ocl = &objects[typ];
      register int nn = ocl->oc_name_known;
      register const char *actualn = OBJ_NAME(*ocl);
      register const char *dn = OBJ_DESCR(*ocl);
      register const char *un = ocl->oc_uname;

      if (Role_if(PM_SAMURAI) && Japanese_item_name(typ))
            actualn = Japanese_item_name(typ);

      buf[0] = '\0';
      if (!Blind) obj->dknown = TRUE;
      if (Role_if(PM_PRIEST)) obj->bknown = TRUE;
      if (obj_is_pname(obj))
          goto nameit;
      switch (obj->oclass) {
          case AMULET_CLASS:
            if (!obj->dknown)
                  Strcpy(buf, "amulet");
            else if (typ == AMULET_OF_YENDOR ||
                   typ == FAKE_AMULET_OF_YENDOR)
                  /* each must be identified individually */
                  Strcpy(buf, obj->known ? actualn : dn);
            else if (nn)
                  Strcpy(buf, actualn);
            else if (un)
                  Sprintf(buf,"amulet called %s", un);
            else
                  Sprintf(buf,"%s amulet", dn);
            break;
          case WEAPON_CLASS:
            if (is_poisonable(obj) && obj->opoisoned)
                  Strcpy(buf, "poisoned ");
          case VENOM_CLASS:
          case TOOL_CLASS:
            if (typ == LENSES)
                  Strcpy(buf, "pair of ");

            if (!obj->dknown)
                  Strcat(buf, dn ? dn : actualn);
            else if (nn)
                  Strcat(buf, actualn);
            else if (un) {
                  Strcat(buf, dn ? dn : actualn);
                  Strcat(buf, " called ");
                  Strcat(buf, un);
            } else
                  Strcat(buf, dn ? dn : actualn);
            /* If we use an() here we'd have to remember never to use */
            /* it whenever calling doname() or xname(). */
            if (typ == FIGURINE)
                Sprintf(eos(buf), " of a%s %s",
                  index(vowels,*(mons[obj->corpsenm].mname)) ? "n" : "",
                  mons[obj->corpsenm].mname);
            break;
          case ARMOR_CLASS:
            /* depends on order of the dragon scales objects */
            if (typ >= GRAY_DRAGON_SCALES && typ <= YELLOW_DRAGON_SCALES) {
                  Sprintf(buf, "set of %s", actualn);
                  break;
            }
            if(is_boots(obj) || is_gloves(obj)) Strcpy(buf,"pair of ");

            if(obj->otyp >= ELVEN_SHIELD && obj->otyp <= ORCISH_SHIELD
                        && !obj->dknown) {
                  Strcpy(buf, "shield");
                  break;
            }
            if(obj->otyp == SHIELD_OF_REFLECTION && !obj->dknown) {
                  Strcpy(buf, "smooth shield");
                  break;
            }

            if(nn)      Strcat(buf, actualn);
            else if(un) {
                  if(is_boots(obj))
                        Strcat(buf,"boots");
                  else if(is_gloves(obj))
                        Strcat(buf,"gloves");
                  else if(is_cloak(obj))
                        Strcpy(buf,"cloak");
                  else if(is_helmet(obj))
                        Strcpy(buf,"helmet");
                  else if(is_shield(obj))
                        Strcpy(buf,"shield");
                  else
                        Strcpy(buf,"armor");
                  Strcat(buf, " called ");
                  Strcat(buf, un);
            } else      Strcat(buf, dn);
            break;
          case FOOD_CLASS:
            if (typ == SLIME_MOLD) {
                  register struct fruit *f;

                  for(f=ffruit; f; f = f->nextf) {
                        if(f->fid == obj->spe) {
                              Strcpy(buf, f->fname);
                              break;
                        }
                  }
                  if (!f) impossible("Bad fruit #%d?", obj->spe);
                  break;
            }

            Strcpy(buf, actualn);
            if (typ == TIN && obj->known) {
                if(obj->spe > 0)
                  Strcat(buf, " of spinach");
                else if (obj->corpsenm == NON_PM)
                    Strcpy(buf, "empty tin");
                else if (vegetarian(&mons[obj->corpsenm]))
                  Sprintf(eos(buf), " of %s", mons[obj->corpsenm].mname);
                else
                  Sprintf(eos(buf), " of %s meat", mons[obj->corpsenm].mname);
            }
            break;
          case GOLD_CLASS:
          case CHAIN_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, actualn);
            break;
          case ROCK_CLASS:
            if (typ == STATUE)
                Sprintf(buf, "%s%s of %s%s",
                  (Role_if(PM_ARCHEOLOGIST) && obj->spe) ? "historic " : "" ,
                  actualn,
                  type_is_pname(&mons[obj->corpsenm]) ? "" :
                    (mons[obj->corpsenm].geno & G_UNIQ) ? "the " :
                      (index(vowels,*(mons[obj->corpsenm].mname)) ?
                                                "an " : "a "),
                  mons[obj->corpsenm].mname);
            else Strcpy(buf, actualn);
            break;
          case BALL_CLASS:
            Sprintf(buf, "%sheavy iron ball",
                  (obj->owt > ocl->oc_weight) ? "very " : "");
            break;
          case POTION_CLASS:
            if (obj->dknown && obj->odiluted)
                  Strcpy(buf, "diluted ");
            if(nn || un || !obj->dknown) {
                  Strcat(buf, "potion");
                  if(!obj->dknown) break;
                  if(nn) {
                      Strcat(buf, " of ");
                      if (typ == POT_WATER &&
                        obj->bknown && (obj->blessed || obj->cursed)) {
                        Strcat(buf, obj->blessed ? "holy " : "unholy ");
                      }
                      Strcat(buf, actualn);
                  } else {
                        Strcat(buf, " called ");
                        Strcat(buf, un);
                  }
            } else {
                  Strcat(buf, dn);
                  Strcat(buf, " potion");
            }
            break;
      case SCROLL_CLASS:
            Strcpy(buf, "scroll");
            if(!obj->dknown) break;
            if(nn) {
                  Strcat(buf, " of ");
                  Strcat(buf, actualn);
            } else if(un) {
                  Strcat(buf, " called ");
                  Strcat(buf, un);
            } else if (ocl->oc_magic) {
                  Strcat(buf, " labeled ");
                  Strcat(buf, dn);
            } else {
                  Strcpy(buf, dn);
                  Strcat(buf, " scroll");
            }
            break;
      case WAND_CLASS:
            if(!obj->dknown)
                  Strcpy(buf, "wand");
            else if(nn)
                  Sprintf(buf, "wand of %s", actualn);
            else if(un)
                  Sprintf(buf, "wand called %s", un);
            else
                  Sprintf(buf, "%s wand", dn);
            break;
      case SPBOOK_CLASS:
            if (!obj->dknown) {
                  Strcpy(buf, "spellbook");
            } else if (nn) {
                  if (typ != SPE_BOOK_OF_THE_DEAD)
                      Strcpy(buf, "spellbook of ");
                  Strcat(buf, actualn);
            } else if (un) {
                  Sprintf(buf, "spellbook called %s", un);
            } else
                  Sprintf(buf, "%s spellbook", dn);
            break;
      case RING_CLASS:
            if(!obj->dknown)
                  Strcpy(buf, "ring");
            else if(nn)
                  Sprintf(buf, "ring of %s", actualn);
            else if(un)
                  Sprintf(buf, "ring called %s", un);
            else
                  Sprintf(buf, "%s ring", dn);
            break;
      case GEM_CLASS:
          {
            const char *rock =
                      (ocl->oc_material == MINERAL) ? "stone" : "gem";
            if (!obj->dknown) {
                Strcpy(buf, rock);
            } else if (!nn) {
                if (un) Sprintf(buf,"%s called %s", rock, un);
                else Sprintf(buf, "%s %s", dn, rock);
            } else {
                Strcpy(buf, actualn);
                if (GemStone(typ)) Strcat(buf, " stone");
            }
            break;
          }
      default:
            Sprintf(buf,"glorkum %d %d %d", obj->oclass, typ, obj->spe);
      }
      if (obj->quan != 1L) Strcpy(buf, makeplural(buf));

      if (obj->onamelth && obj->dknown) {
            Strcat(buf, " named ");
nameit:
            Strcat(buf, ONAME(obj));
      }

      if (!strncmpi(buf, "the ", 4)) buf += 4;
      return(buf);
}

#endif /* OVL1 */
#ifdef OVL0

/* used for naming "the unique_item" instead of "a unique_item" */
static boolean
the_unique_obj(obj)
register struct obj *obj;
{
    if (!obj->dknown)
      return FALSE;
    else if (obj->otyp == FAKE_AMULET_OF_YENDOR && !obj->known)
      return TRUE;            /* lie */
    else
      return (boolean)(objects[obj->otyp].oc_unique &&
                   (obj->known || obj->otyp == AMULET_OF_YENDOR));
}

static void
add_erosion_words(obj,prefix)
struct obj *obj;
char *prefix;
{
      boolean iscrys = (obj->otyp == CRYSKNIFE);


      if (!is_damageable(obj) && !iscrys) return;

      /* The only cases where any of these bits do double duty are for
       * rotted food and diluted potions, which are all not is_damageable().
       */
      if (obj->oeroded && !iscrys) {
            switch (obj->oeroded) {
                  case 2:     Strcat(prefix, "very "); break;
                  case 3:     Strcat(prefix, "thoroughly "); break;
            }                 
            Strcat(prefix, is_rustprone(obj) ? "rusty " : "burnt ");
      }
      if (obj->oeroded2 && !iscrys) {
            switch (obj->oeroded2) {
                  case 2:     Strcat(prefix, "very "); break;
                  case 3:     Strcat(prefix, "thoroughly "); break;
            }                 
            Strcat(prefix, is_corrodeable(obj) ? "corroded " :
                  "rotted ");
      }
      if (obj->rknown && obj->oerodeproof)
            Strcat(prefix,
                   iscrys ? "fixed " :
                   is_rustprone(obj) ? "rustproof " :
                   is_corrodeable(obj) ? "corrodeproof " :  /* "stainless"? */
                   is_flammable(obj) ? "fireproof " : "");
}

char *
doname(obj)
register struct obj *obj;
{
      boolean ispoisoned = FALSE;
      char prefix[PREFIX];
      char tmpbuf[PREFIX+1];
      /* when we have to add something at the start of prefix instead of the
       * end (Strcat is used on the end)
       */
      register char *bp = xname(obj);

      /* When using xname, we want "poisoned arrow", and when using
       * doname, we want "poisoned +0 arrow".  This kludge is about the only
       * way to do it, at least until someone overhauls xname() and doname(),
       * combining both into one function taking a parameter.
       */
      /* must check opoisoned--someone can have a weirdly-named fruit */
      if (!strncmp(bp, "poisoned ", 9) && obj->opoisoned) {
            bp += 9;
            ispoisoned = TRUE;
      }

      if(obj->quan != 1L)
            Sprintf(prefix, "%ld ", obj->quan);
      else if (obj_is_pname(obj) || the_unique_obj(obj)) {
            if (!strncmpi(bp, "the ", 4))
                bp += 4;
            Strcpy(prefix, "the ");
      } else
            Strcpy(prefix, "a ");

#ifdef INVISIBLE_OBJECTS
      if (obj->oinvis) Strcat(prefix,"invisible ");
#endif

      if (obj->bknown &&
          obj->oclass != GOLD_CLASS &&
          (obj->otyp != POT_WATER || !objects[POT_WATER].oc_name_known
            || (!obj->cursed && !obj->blessed))) {
          /* allow 'blessed clear potion' if we don't know it's holy water;
           * always allow "uncursed potion of water"
           */
          if (obj->cursed)
            Strcat(prefix, "cursed ");
          else if (obj->blessed)
            Strcat(prefix, "blessed ");
          else if ((!obj->known || !objects[obj->otyp].oc_charged ||
                  (obj->oclass == ARMOR_CLASS ||
                   obj->oclass == RING_CLASS))
            /* For most items with charges or +/-, if you know how many
             * charges are left or what the +/- is, then you must have
             * totally identified the item, so "uncursed" is unneccesary,
             * because an identified object not described as "blessed" or
             * "cursed" must be uncursed.
             *
             * If the charges or +/- is not known, "uncursed" must be
             * printed to avoid ambiguity between an item whose curse
             * status is unknown, and an item known to be uncursed.
             */
#ifdef MAIL
                  && obj->otyp != SCR_MAIL
#endif
                  && obj->otyp != FAKE_AMULET_OF_YENDOR
                  && obj->otyp != AMULET_OF_YENDOR
                  && !Role_if(PM_PRIEST))
            Strcat(prefix, "uncursed ");
      }

      if (obj->greased) Strcat(prefix, "greased ");

      switch(obj->oclass) {
      case AMULET_CLASS:
            if(obj->owornmask & W_AMUL)
                  Strcat(bp, " (being worn)");
            break;
      case WEAPON_CLASS:
            if(ispoisoned)
                  Strcat(prefix, "poisoned ");
plus:
            add_erosion_words(obj, prefix);
            if(obj->known) {
                  Strcat(prefix, sitoa(obj->spe));
                  Strcat(prefix, " ");
            }
            break;
      case ARMOR_CLASS:
            if(obj->owornmask & W_ARMOR)
                  Strcat(bp, (obj == uskin) ? " (embedded in your skin)" :
                        " (being worn)");
            goto plus;
      case TOOL_CLASS:
            /* weptools already get this done when we go to the +n code */
            if (!is_weptool(obj))
                add_erosion_words(obj, prefix);
            if(obj->owornmask & (W_TOOL /* blindfold */
#ifdef STEED
                        | W_SADDLE
#endif
                        )) {
                  Strcat(bp, " (being worn)");
                  break;
            }
            if (obj->otyp == LEASH && obj->leashmon != 0) {
                  Strcat(bp, " (in use)");
                  break;
            }
            if (is_weptool(obj))
                  goto plus;
            if (obj->otyp == CANDELABRUM_OF_INVOCATION) {
                  if (!obj->spe)
                      Strcpy(tmpbuf, "no");
                  else
                      Sprintf(tmpbuf, "%d", obj->spe);
                  Sprintf(eos(bp), " (%s candle%s%s)",
                        tmpbuf, plur(obj->spe),
                        !obj->lamplit ? " attached" : ", lit");
                  break;
            } else if (obj->otyp == OIL_LAMP || obj->otyp == MAGIC_LAMP ||
                  obj->otyp == BRASS_LANTERN || Is_candle(obj)) {
                  if (Is_candle(obj) &&
                      obj->age < 20L * (long)objects[obj->otyp].oc_cost)
                        Strcat(prefix, "partly used ");
                  if(obj->lamplit)
                        Strcat(bp, " (lit)");
                  break;
            }
            if(objects[obj->otyp].oc_charged)
                goto charges;
            break;
      case WAND_CLASS:
            add_erosion_words(obj, prefix);
charges:
            if(obj->known)
                Sprintf(eos(bp), " (%d:%d)", (int)obj->recharged, obj->spe);
            break;
      case POTION_CLASS:
            if (obj->otyp == POT_OIL && obj->lamplit)
                Strcat(bp, " (lit)");
            break;
      case RING_CLASS:
            add_erosion_words(obj, prefix);
ring:
            if(obj->owornmask & W_RINGR) Strcat(bp, " (on right ");
            if(obj->owornmask & W_RINGL) Strcat(bp, " (on left ");
            if(obj->owornmask & W_RING) {
                Strcat(bp, body_part(HAND));
                Strcat(bp, ")");
            }
            if(obj->known && objects[obj->otyp].oc_charged) {
                  Strcat(prefix, sitoa(obj->spe));
                  Strcat(prefix, " ");
            }
            break;
      case FOOD_CLASS:
            if (obj->oeaten)
                Strcat(prefix, "partly eaten ");
            if (obj->otyp == CORPSE) {
                if (mons[obj->corpsenm].geno & G_UNIQ) {
                  Sprintf(prefix, "%s%s ",
                        (type_is_pname(&mons[obj->corpsenm]) ?
                              "" : "the "),
                        s_suffix(mons[obj->corpsenm].mname));
                  if (obj->oeaten) Strcat(prefix, "partly eaten ");
                } else {
                  Strcat(prefix, mons[obj->corpsenm].mname);
                  Strcat(prefix, " ");
                }
            } else if (obj->otyp == EGG) {
#if 0 /* corpses don't tell if they're stale either */
                if (obj->known && stale_egg(obj))
                  Strcat(prefix, "stale ");
#endif
                if (obj->corpsenm >= LOW_PM &&
                      (obj->known ||
                      mvitals[obj->corpsenm].mvflags & MV_KNOWS_EGG)) {
                  Strcat(prefix, mons[obj->corpsenm].mname);
                  Strcat(prefix, " ");
                  if (obj->spe)
                      Strcat(bp, " (laid by you)");
                }
            }
            if (obj->otyp == MEAT_RING) goto ring;
            break;
      case BALL_CLASS:
      case CHAIN_CLASS:
            add_erosion_words(obj, prefix);
            if(obj->owornmask & W_BALL)
                  Strcat(bp, " (chained to you)");
                  break;
      }

      if((obj->owornmask & W_WEP) && !mrg_to_wielded) {
            if (obj->quan != 1L) {
                  Strcat(bp, " (wielded)");
            } else {
                  const char *hand_s = body_part(HAND);

                  if (bimanual(obj)) hand_s = makeplural(hand_s);
                  Sprintf(eos(bp), " (weapon in %s)", hand_s);
            }
      }
      if(obj->owornmask & W_SWAPWEP) {
            if (u.twoweap)
                  Sprintf(eos(bp), " (wielded in other %s)",
                        body_part(HAND));
            else
                  Strcat(bp, " (alternate weapon; not wielded)");
      }
      if(obj->owornmask & W_QUIVER) Strcat(bp, " (in quiver)");
      if(obj->unpaid)
            Strcat(bp, " (unpaid)");
      if (!strncmp(prefix, "a ", 2) &&
                  index(vowels, *(prefix+2) ? *(prefix+2) : *bp)
                  && (*(prefix+2) || (strncmp(bp, "uranium", 7)
                        && strncmp(bp, "unicorn", 7)
                        && strncmp(bp, "eucalyptus", 10)))) {
            Strcpy(tmpbuf, prefix);
            Strcpy(prefix, "an ");
            Strcpy(prefix+3, tmpbuf+2);
      }
      bp = strprepend(bp, prefix);
      return(bp);
}

#endif /* OVL0 */
#ifdef OVLB

/* used from invent.c */
boolean
not_fully_identified(otmp)
register struct obj *otmp;
{
    /* check fundamental ID hallmarks first */
    if (!otmp->known || !otmp->dknown ||
#ifdef MAIL
          (!otmp->bknown && otmp->otyp != SCR_MAIL) ||
#else
          !otmp->bknown ||
#endif
          !objects[otmp->otyp].oc_name_known)   /* ?redundant? */
      return TRUE;
    if (otmp->oartifact && undiscovered_artifact(otmp->oartifact))
      return TRUE;
    /* otmp->rknown is the only item of interest if we reach here */
       /*
      *  Note:  if a revision ever allows scrolls to become fireproof or
      *  rings to become shockproof, this checking will need to be revised.
      *  `rknown' ID only matters if xname() will provide the info about it.
      */
    if (otmp->rknown || (otmp->oclass != ARMOR_CLASS &&
                   otmp->oclass != WEAPON_CLASS &&
                   !is_weptool(otmp) &&             /* (redunant) */
                   otmp->oclass != BALL_CLASS))     /* (useless) */
      return FALSE;
    else    /* lack of `rknown' only matters for vulnerable objects */
      return (boolean)(is_rustprone(otmp) ||
                   is_corrodeable(otmp) ||
                   is_flammable(otmp));
}

/* The result is actually modifiable, but caller shouldn't rely on that
 * due to the small buffer size.
 */
const char *
corpse_xname(otmp, ignore_oquan)
struct obj *otmp;
boolean ignore_oquan;   /* to force singular */
{
      static char NEARDATA nambuf[40];

     /* assert( strlen(mons[otmp->corpsenm].mname) <= 32 ); */
      Sprintf(nambuf, "%s corpse", mons[otmp->corpsenm].mname);

      if (ignore_oquan || otmp->quan < 2)
          return nambuf;
      else
          return makeplural(nambuf);
}

/*
 * Used if only one of a collection of objects is named (e.g. in eat.c).
 */
const char *
singular(otmp, func)
register struct obj *otmp;
char *FDECL((*func), (OBJ_P));
{
      long savequan;
      char *nam;

      /* Note: using xname for corpses will not give the monster type */
      if (otmp->otyp == CORPSE && func == xname)
            return corpse_xname(otmp, TRUE);

      savequan = otmp->quan;
      otmp->quan = 1L;
      nam = (*func)(otmp);
      otmp->quan = savequan;
      return nam;
}

char *
an(str)
register const char *str;
{
      static char NEARDATA buf[BUFSZ];

      buf[0] = '\0';

      if (strncmpi(str, "the ", 4) &&
          strcmp(str, "molten lava") &&
          strcmp(str, "iron bars") &&
          strcmp(str, "ice")) {
            if (index(vowels, *str) &&
                strncmp(str, "useful", 6) &&
                strncmp(str, "unicorn", 7) &&
                strncmp(str, "uranium", 7) &&
                strncmp(str, "eucalyptus", 10))
                  Strcpy(buf, "an ");
            else
                  Strcpy(buf, "a ");
      }

      Strcat(buf, str);
      return buf;
}

char *
An(str)
const char *str;
{
      register char *tmp = an(str);
      *tmp = highc(*tmp);
      return tmp;
}

/*
 * Prepend "the" if necessary; assumes str is a subject derived from xname.
 * Use type_is_pname() for monster names, not the().  the() is idempotent.
 */
char *
the(str)
const char *str;
{
      static char NEARDATA buf[BUFSZ];
      boolean insert_the = FALSE;

      if (!strncmpi(str, "the ", 4)) {
          buf[0] = lowc(*str);
          Strcpy(&buf[1], str+1);
          return buf;
      } else if (*str < 'A' || *str > 'Z') {
          /* not a proper name, needs an article */
          insert_the = TRUE;
      } else {
          /* Probably a proper name, might not need an article */
          register char *tmp, *named, *called;
          int l;

          /* some objects have capitalized adjectives in their names */
          if(((tmp = rindex(str, ' ')) || (tmp = rindex(str, '-'))) &&
             (tmp[1] < 'A' || tmp[1] > 'Z'))
            insert_the = TRUE;
          else if (tmp && index(str, ' ') < tmp) {    /* has spaces */
            /* it needs an article if the name contains "of" */
            tmp = strstri(str, " of ");
            named = strstri(str, " named ");
            called = strstri(str, " called ");
            if (called && (!named || called < named)) named = called;

            if (tmp && (!named || tmp < named)) /* found an "of" */
                insert_the = TRUE;
            /* stupid special case: lacks "of" but needs "the" */
            else if (!named && (l = strlen(str)) >= 31 &&
                  !strcmp(&str[l - 31], "Platinum Yendorian Express Card"))
                insert_the = TRUE;
          }
      }
      if (insert_the)
          Strcpy(buf, "the ");
      else
          buf[0] = '\0';
      Strcat(buf, str);

      return buf;
}

char *
The(str)
const char *str;
{
    register char *tmp = the(str);
    *tmp = highc(*tmp);
    return tmp;
}

char *
aobjnam(otmp,verb)
register struct obj *otmp;
register const char *verb;
{
      register char *bp = xname(otmp);
      char prefix[PREFIX];

      if(otmp->quan != 1L) {
            Sprintf(prefix, "%ld ", otmp->quan);
            bp = strprepend(bp, prefix);
      }

      if(verb) {
            /* verb is given in plural (without trailing s) */
            Strcat(bp, " ");
            if(otmp->quan != 1L)
                  Strcat(bp, verb);
            else if(!strcmp(verb, "are"))
                  Strcat(bp, "is");
            else {
                  Strcat(bp, verb);
                  Strcat(bp, "s");
            }
      }
      return(bp);
}

/* capitalized variant of doname() */
char *
Doname2(obj)
register struct obj *obj;
{
      register char *s = doname(obj);

      *s = highc(*s);
      return(s);
}

/* returns "your xname(obj)" or "Foobar's xname(obj)" or "the xname(obj)" */
char *
yname(obj)
struct obj *obj;
{
      static char outbuf[BUFSZ];
      char *s = shk_your(outbuf, obj);    /* assert( s == outbuf ); */
      int space_left = sizeof outbuf - strlen(s) - sizeof " ";

      return strncat(strcat(s, " "), xname(obj), space_left);
}

/* capitalized variant of yname() */
char *
Yname2(obj)
struct obj *obj;
{
      char *s = yname(obj);

      *s = highc(*s);
      return s;
}

static const char *wrp[] = {
      "wand", "ring", "potion", "scroll", "gem", "amulet",
      "spellbook", "spell book",
      /* for non-specific wishes */
      "weapon", "armor", "armour", "tool", "food", "comestible",
};
static const char wrpsym[] = {
      WAND_CLASS, RING_CLASS, POTION_CLASS, SCROLL_CLASS, GEM_CLASS,
      AMULET_CLASS, SPBOOK_CLASS, SPBOOK_CLASS,
      WEAPON_CLASS, ARMOR_CLASS, ARMOR_CLASS, TOOL_CLASS, FOOD_CLASS,
      FOOD_CLASS
};

#endif /* OVLB */
#ifdef OVL0

/* Plural routine; chiefly used for user-defined fruits.  We have to try to
 * account for everything reasonable the player has; something unreasonable
 * can still break the code.  However, it's still a lot more accurate than
 * "just add an s at the end", which Rogue uses...
 *
 * Also used for plural monster names ("Wiped out all homunculi.")
 * and body parts.
 *
 * Also misused by muse.c to convert 1st person present verbs to 2nd person.
 */
char *
makeplural(oldstr)
const char *oldstr;
{
      /* Note: cannot use strcmpi here -- it'd give MATZot, CAVEMeN,... */
      register char *spot;
      static char NEARDATA str[BUFSZ];
      const char *excess = (char *)0;
      int len;

      while (*oldstr==' ') oldstr++;
      if (!oldstr || !*oldstr) {
            impossible("plural of null?");
            Strcpy(str, "s");
            return str;
      }
      Strcpy(str, oldstr);

      /*
      Skip changing "pair of" to "pairs of".  According to Webster, usual
      English usage is use pairs for humans, e.g. 3 pairs of dancers,
      and pair for objects and non-humans, e.g. 3 pair of boots.  We don't
      refer to pairs of humans in this game so just skip to the bottom.

      Actually, none of the "pair" objects -- gloves, boots, and lenses --
      currently merge, so this isn't used.
      */
      if (!strncmp(str, "pair of ", 8))
            goto bottom;

      /* Search for common compounds, ex. lump of royal jelly */
      for(spot=str; *spot; spot++) {
            if (!strncmp(spot, " of ", 4)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " labeled ", 9)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " called ", 8)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " named ", 7)
                        || !strcmp(spot, " above") /* lurkers above */
                        || !strncmp(spot, " versus ", 8)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " from ", 6)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " in ", 4)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " on ", 4)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " a la ", 6)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " with", 5) /* " with "? */
                        || !strncmp(spot, " de ", 4)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " d'", 3)
                        || !strncmp(spot, " du ", 4)) {
                  excess = oldstr + (int) (spot - str);
                  *spot = 0;
                  break;
            }
      }
      spot--;
      while (*spot==' ') spot--; /* Strip blanks from end */
      *(spot+1) = 0;
      /* Now spot is the last character of the string */

      len = strlen(str);

      /* Single letters */
      if (len==1 || !letter(*spot)) {
            Strcpy(spot+1, "'s");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* Same singular and plural; mostly Japanese words except for "manes" */
      if ((len == 2 && !strcmp(str, "ya")) ||
          (len >= 2 && !strcmp(spot-1, "ai")) || /* samurai, Uruk-hai */
          (len >= 3 && !strcmp(spot-2, " ya")) ||
          (len >= 4 &&
           (!strcmp(spot-3, "fish") || !strcmp(spot-3, "tuna") ||
            !strcmp(spot-3, "deer") || !strcmp(spot-3, "yaki") ||
            !strcmp(spot-3, "nori"))) ||
          (len >= 5 && (!strcmp(spot-4, "sheep") ||
                  !strcmp(spot-4, "ninja") ||
                  !strcmp(spot-4, "ronin") ||
                  !strcmp(spot-4, "shito") ||
                  !strcmp(spot-4, "tengu") ||
                  !strcmp(spot-4, "manes"))) ||
          (len >= 6 && !strcmp(spot-5, "ki-rin")) ||
          (len >= 7 && !strcmp(spot-6, "gunyoki")))
            goto bottom;

      /* man/men ("Wiped out all cavemen.") */
      if (len >= 3 && !strcmp(spot-2, "man") &&
                  (len<6 || strcmp(spot-5, "shaman")) &&
                  (len<5 || strcmp(spot-4, "human"))) {
            *(spot-1) = 'e';
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* tooth/teeth */
      if (len >= 5 && !strcmp(spot-4, "tooth")) {
            Strcpy(spot-3, "eeth");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* knife/knives, etc... */
      if (!strcmp(spot-1, "fe")) {
            Strcpy(spot-1, "ves");
            goto bottom;
      } else if (*spot == 'f') {
            if (index("lr", *(spot-1)) || index(vowels, *(spot-1))) {
                  Strcpy(spot, "ves");
                  goto bottom;
            } else if (len >= 5 && !strncmp(spot-4, "staf", 4)) {
                  Strcpy(spot-1, "ves");
                  goto bottom;
            }
      }

      /* foot/feet (body part) */
      if (len >= 4 && !strcmp(spot-3, "foot")) {
            Strcpy(spot-2, "eet");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* ium/ia (mycelia, baluchitheria) */
      if (len >= 3 && !strcmp(spot-2, "ium")) {
            *(spot--) = (char)0;
            *spot = 'a';
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* algae, larvae, hyphae (another fungus part) */
      if ((len >= 4 && !strcmp(spot-3, "alga")) ||
          (len >= 5 &&
           (!strcmp(spot-4, "hypha") || !strcmp(spot-4, "larva")))) {
            Strcpy(spot, "ae");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* fungus/fungi, homunculus/homunculi, but wumpuses */
      if (!strcmp(spot-1, "us") && (len < 6 || strcmp(spot-5, "wumpus"))) {
            *(spot--) = (char)0;
            *spot = 'i';
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* vortex/vortices */
      if (len >= 6 && !strcmp(spot-3, "rtex")) {
            Strcpy(spot-1, "ices");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* djinni/djinn (note: also efreeti/efreet) */
      if (len >= 6 && !strcmp(spot-5, "djinni")) {
            *spot = (char)0;
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* mumak/mumakil */
      if (len >= 5 && !strcmp(spot-4, "mumak")) {
            Strcpy(spot+1, "il");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* sis/ses (nemesis) */
      if (len >= 3 && !strcmp(spot-2, "sis")) {
            *(spot-1) = 'e';
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* erinys/erinyes */
      if (len >= 6 && !strcmp(spot-5, "erinys")) {
            Strcpy(spot, "es");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* mouse/mice,louse/lice (not a monster, but possible in food names) */
      if (len >= 5 && !strcmp(spot-3, "ouse") && index("MmLl", *(spot-4))) {
            Strcpy(spot-3, "ice");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* matzoh/matzot, possible food name */
      if (len >= 6 && (!strcmp(spot-5, "matzoh")
                              || !strcmp(spot-5, "matzah"))) {
            Strcpy(spot-1, "ot");
            goto bottom;
      }
      if (len >= 5 && (!strcmp(spot-4, "matzo")
                              || !strcmp(spot-5, "matza"))) {
            Strcpy(spot, "ot");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* child/children (for wise guys who give their food funny names) */
      if (len >= 5 && !strcmp(spot-4, "child")) {
            Strcpy(spot, "dren");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* note: -eau/-eaux (gateau, bordeau...) */
      /* note: ox/oxen, VAX/VAXen, goose/geese */

      /* Ends in z, x, s, ch, sh; add an "es" */
      if (index("zxs", *spot)
                  || (len >= 2 && *spot=='h' && index("cs", *(spot-1)))
      /* Kludge to get "tomatoes" and "potatoes" right */
                  || (len >= 4 && !strcmp(spot-2, "ato"))) {
            Strcpy(spot+1, "es");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* Ends in y preceded by consonant (note: also "qu") change to "ies" */
      if (*spot == 'y' &&
          (!index(vowels, *(spot-1)))) {
            Strcpy(spot, "ies");
            goto bottom;
      }

      /* Default: append an 's' */
      Strcpy(spot+1, "s");

bottom:     if (excess) Strcpy(eos(str), excess);
      return str;
}

#endif /* OVL0 */

struct o_range {
      const char *name, oclass;
      int  f_o_range, l_o_range;
};

#ifndef OVLB

STATIC_DCL const struct o_range o_ranges[];

#else /* OVLB */

/* wishable subranges of objects */
STATIC_OVL NEARDATA const struct o_range o_ranges[] = {
      { "bag",    TOOL_CLASS,   SACK,           BAG_OF_TRICKS },
      { "lamp",   TOOL_CLASS,   OIL_LAMP,       MAGIC_LAMP },
      { "candle", TOOL_CLASS,   TALLOW_CANDLE,  WAX_CANDLE },
      { "horn",   TOOL_CLASS,   TOOLED_HORN,    HORN_OF_PLENTY },
      { "shield", ARMOR_CLASS,  SMALL_SHIELD,   SHIELD_OF_REFLECTION },
      { "helm",   ARMOR_CLASS,  ELVEN_LEATHER_HELM, HELM_OF_TELEPATHY },
      { "gloves", ARMOR_CLASS,  LEATHER_GLOVES, GAUNTLETS_OF_DEXTERITY },
      { "gauntlets",    ARMOR_CLASS,  LEATHER_GLOVES, GAUNTLETS_OF_DEXTERITY },
      { "boots",  ARMOR_CLASS,  LOW_BOOTS,      LEVITATION_BOOTS },
      { "shoes",  ARMOR_CLASS,  LOW_BOOTS,      IRON_SHOES },
      { "cloak",  ARMOR_CLASS,  MUMMY_WRAPPING, CLOAK_OF_DISPLACEMENT },
#ifdef TOURIST
      { "shirt",  ARMOR_CLASS,  HAWAIIAN_SHIRT, T_SHIRT },
#endif
      { "dragon scales",
                  ARMOR_CLASS,  GRAY_DRAGON_SCALES, YELLOW_DRAGON_SCALES },
      { "dragon scale mail",
                  ARMOR_CLASS,  GRAY_DRAGON_SCALE_MAIL, YELLOW_DRAGON_SCALE_MAIL },
      { "sword",  WEAPON_CLASS, SHORT_SWORD,    KATANA },
#ifdef WIZARD
      { "venom",  VENOM_CLASS,  BLINDING_VENOM, ACID_VENOM },
#endif
      { "gray stone",   GEM_CLASS,    LUCKSTONE,      FLINT },
      { "grey stone",   GEM_CLASS,    LUCKSTONE,      FLINT },
};

#define BSTRCMP(base,ptr,string) ((ptr) < base || strcmp((ptr),string))
#define BSTRCMPI(base,ptr,string) ((ptr) < base || strcmpi((ptr),string))
#define BSTRNCMP(base,ptr,string,num) ((ptr)<base || strncmp((ptr),string,num))
#define BSTRNCMPI(base,ptr,string,num) ((ptr)<base||strncmpi((ptr),string,num))

/*
 * Singularize a string the user typed in; this helps reduce the complexity
 * of readobjnam, and is also used in pager.c to singularize the string
 * for which help is sought.
 */

char *
makesingular(oldstr)
const char *oldstr;
{
      register char *p, *bp;
      static char NEARDATA str[BUFSZ];

      if (!oldstr || !*oldstr) {
            impossible("singular of null?");
            str[0] = 0;
            return str;
      }
      Strcpy(str, oldstr);
      bp = str;

      while (*bp == ' ') bp++;
      /* find "cloves of garlic", "worthless pieces of blue glass" */
      if ((p = strstri(bp, "s of ")) != 0) {
          /* but don't singularize "gauntlets", "boots", "Eyes of the.." */
          if (BSTRNCMPI(bp, p-3, "Eye", 3) &&
            BSTRNCMP(bp, p-4, "boot", 4) &&
            BSTRNCMP(bp, p-8, "gauntlet", 8))
            while ((*p = *(p+1)) != 0) p++;
          return bp;
      }

      /* remove -s or -es (boxes) or -ies (rubies) */
      p = eos(bp);
      if (p >= bp+1 && p[-1] == 's') {
            if (p >= bp+2 && p[-2] == 'e') {
                  if (p >= bp+3 && p[-3] == 'i') {
                        if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-7, "cookies") ||
                           !BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "pies"))
                              goto mins;
                        Strcpy(p-3, "y");
                        return bp;
                  }

                  /* note: cloves / knives from clove / knife */
                  if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "knives")) {
                        Strcpy(p-3, "fe");
                        return bp;
                  }

                  if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "staves")) {
                        Strcpy(p-3, "ff");
                        return bp;
                  }

                  if (!BSTRCMPI(bp, p-6, "leaves")) {
                        Strcpy(p-3, "f");
                        return bp;
                  }

                  /* note: nurses, axes but boxes */
                  if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "boxes")) {
                        p[-2] = 0;
                        return bp;
                  }
                  if (!BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "gloves") ||
                      !BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "lenses") ||
                      !BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "shoes") ||
                      !BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "scales"))
                        return bp;
            } else if (!BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "boots") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-9, "gauntlets") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "tricks") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-9, "paralysis") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "glass") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "ness") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-14, "shape changers") ||
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-15, "detect monsters") ||
                     !BSTRCMPI(bp, p-11, "Aesculapius") || /* staff */
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-10, "eucalyptus") ||
#ifdef WIZARD
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-9, "iron bars") ||
#endif
                     !BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "aklys"))
                        return bp;
      mins:
            p[-1] = 0;
      } else {
            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "teeth")) {
                  Strcpy(p-5, "tooth");
                  return bp;
            }
            /* here we cannot find the plural suffix */
      }
      return bp;
}

/* compare user string against object name string using fuzzy matching */
static boolean
wishymatch(u_str, o_str, retry_inverted)
const char *u_str;      /* from user, so might be variant spelling */
const char *o_str;      /* from objects[], so is in canonical form */
boolean retry_inverted; /* optional extra "of" handling */
{
      /* ignore spaces & hyphens and upper/lower case when comparing */
      if (fuzzymatch(u_str, o_str, " -", TRUE)) return TRUE;

      if (retry_inverted) {
          const char *u_of, *o_of;
          char *p, buf[BUFSZ];

          /* when just one of the strings is in the form "foo of bar",
             convert it into "bar foo" and perform another comparison */
          u_of = strstri(u_str, " of ");
          o_of = strstri(o_str, " of ");
          if (u_of && !o_of) {
            Strcpy(buf, u_of + 4);
            p = eos(strcat(buf, " "));
            while (u_str < u_of) *p++ = *u_str++;
            *p = '\0';
            return fuzzymatch(buf, o_str, " -", TRUE);
          } else if (o_of && !u_of) {
            Strcpy(buf, o_of + 4);
            p = eos(strcat(buf, " "));
            while (o_str < o_of) *p++ = *o_str++;
            *p = '\0';
            return fuzzymatch(u_str, buf, " -", TRUE);
          }
      }

      /* [note: if something like "elven speed boots" ever gets added, these
         special cases should be changed to call wishymatch() recursively in
         order to get the "of" inversion handling] */
      if (!strncmp(o_str, "dwarvish ", 9)) {
          if (!strncmpi(u_str, "dwarven ", 8))
            return fuzzymatch(u_str + 8, o_str + 9, " -", TRUE);
      } else if (!strncmp(o_str, "elven ", 6)) {
          if (!strncmpi(u_str, "elvish ", 7))
            return fuzzymatch(u_str + 7, o_str + 6, " -", TRUE);
          else if (!strncmpi(u_str, "elfin ", 6))
            return fuzzymatch(u_str + 6, o_str + 6, " -", TRUE);
      } else if (!strcmp(o_str, "aluminum")) {
            /* this special case doesn't really fit anywhere else... */
            /* (note that " wand" will have been stripped off by now) */
          if (!strcmpi(u_str, "aluminium"))
            return fuzzymatch(u_str + 9, o_str + 8, " -", TRUE);
      }

      return FALSE;
}

/* alternate spellings; if the difference is only the presence or
   absence of spaces and/or hyphens (such as "pickaxe" vs "pick axe"
   vs "pick-axe") then there is no need for inclusion in this list;
   likewise for ``"of" inversions'' ("boots of speed" vs "speed boots") */
struct alt_spellings {
      const char *sp;
      int ob;
} spellings[] = {
      { "pickax", PICK_AXE },
      { "whip", BULLWHIP },
      { "saber", SILVER_SABER },
      { "silver sabre", SILVER_SABER },
      { "smooth shield", SHIELD_OF_REFLECTION },
      { "grey dragon scale mail", GRAY_DRAGON_SCALE_MAIL },
      { "grey dragon scales", GRAY_DRAGON_SCALES },
      { "enchant armour", SCR_ENCHANT_ARMOR },
      { "destroy armour", SCR_DESTROY_ARMOR },
      { "scroll of enchant armour", SCR_ENCHANT_ARMOR },
      { "scroll of destroy armour", SCR_DESTROY_ARMOR },
      { "leather armour", LEATHER_ARMOR },
      { "studded leather armour", STUDDED_LEATHER_ARMOR },
      { "iron ball", HEAVY_IRON_BALL },
      { "lantern", BRASS_LANTERN },
      { "mattock", DWARVISH_MATTOCK },
      { "amulet of poison resistance", AMULET_VERSUS_POISON },
      { "stone", ROCK },
#ifdef TOURIST
      { "camera", EXPENSIVE_CAMERA },
      { "tee shirt", T_SHIRT },
#endif
      { "can", TIN },
      { "can opener", TIN_OPENER },
      { "kelp", KELP_FROND },
      { "eucalyptus", EUCALYPTUS_LEAF },
      { "grapple", GRAPPLING_HOOK },
      { (const char *)0, 0 },
};

/* Return something wished for.  If not an object, return &zeroobj; if an error
 * (no matching object), return (struct obj *)0.  Giving readobjnam() a null
 * pointer skips the error return and creates a random object instead.
 */
struct obj *
readobjnam(bp)
register char *bp;
{
      register char *p;
      register int i;
      register struct obj *otmp;
      int cnt, spe, spesgn, typ, very, rechrg;
      int blessed, uncursed, iscursed, ispoisoned, isgreased;
      int eroded, eroded2, erodeproof;
#ifdef INVISIBLE_OBJECTS
      int isinvisible;
#endif
      int halfeaten, mntmp, contents;
      int islit, unlabeled, ishistoric, isdiluted;
      struct fruit *f;
      int ftype = current_fruit;
      char fruitbuf[BUFSZ];
      /* Fruits may not mess up the ability to wish for real objects (since
       * you can leave a fruit in a bones file and it will be added to
       * another person's game), so they must be checked for last, after
       * stripping all the possible prefixes and seeing if there's a real
       * name in there.  So we have to save the full original name.  However,
       * it's still possible to do things like "uncursed burnt Alaska",
       * or worse yet, "2 burned 5 course meals", so we need to loop to
       * strip off the prefixes again, this time stripping only the ones
       * possible on food.
       * We could get even more detailed so as to allow food names with
       * prefixes that _are_ possible on food, so you could wish for
       * "2 3 alarm chilis".  Currently this isn't allowed; options.c
       * automatically sticks 'candied' in front of such names.
       */

      char oclass;
      char *un, *dn, *actualn;
      const char *name=0;

      cnt = spe = spesgn = typ = very = rechrg =
            blessed = uncursed = iscursed =
#ifdef INVISIBLE_OBJECTS
            isinvisible =
#endif
            ispoisoned = isgreased = eroded = eroded2 = erodeproof =
            halfeaten = islit = unlabeled = ishistoric = isdiluted = 0;
      mntmp = NON_PM;
#define UNDEFINED 0
#define EMPTY 1
#define SPINACH 2
      contents = UNDEFINED;
      oclass = 0;
      actualn = dn = un = 0;

      if (!bp) goto any;
      /* first, remove extra whitespace they may have typed */
      (void)mungspaces(bp);
      Strcpy(fruitbuf, bp);

      for(;;) {
            register int l;

            if (!bp || !*bp) goto any;
            if (!strncmpi(bp, "an ", l=3) ||
                !strncmpi(bp, "a ", l=2)) {
                  cnt = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "the ", l=4)) {
                  ;     /* just increment `bp' by `l' below */
            } else if (!cnt && digit(*bp) && strcmp(bp, "0")) {
                  cnt = atoi(bp);
                  while(digit(*bp)) bp++;
                  while(*bp == ' ') bp++;
                  l = 0;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "blessed ", l=8) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "holy ", l=5)) {
                  blessed = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "cursed ", l=7) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "unholy ", l=7)) {
                  iscursed = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "uncursed ", l=9)) {
                  uncursed = 1;
#ifdef INVISIBLE_OBJECTS
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "invisible ", l=10)) {
                  isinvisible = 1;
#endif
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "rustproof ", l=10) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "erodeproof ", l=11) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "corrodeproof ", l=13) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "fixed ", l=6) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "fireproof ", l=10) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "rotproof ", l=9)) {
                  erodeproof = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp,"lit ", l=4) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp,"burning ", l=8)) {
                  islit = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp,"unlit ", l=6) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp,"extinguished ", l=13)) {
                  islit = 0;
            /* "unlabeled" and "blank" are synonymous */
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp,"unlabeled ", l=10) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp,"unlabelled ", l=11) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp,"blank ", l=6)) {
                  unlabeled = 1;
            } else if(!strncmpi(bp, "poisoned ",l=9)
#ifdef WIZARD
                    || (wizard && !strncmpi(bp, "trapped ",l=8))
#endif
                    ) {
                  ispoisoned=1;
            } else if(!strncmpi(bp, "greased ",l=8)) {
                  isgreased=1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "very ", l=5)) {
                  /* very rusted very heavy iron ball */
                  very = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "thoroughly ", l=11)) {
                  very = 2;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "rusty ", l=6) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "rusted ", l=7) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "burnt ", l=6) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "burned ", l=7)) {
                  eroded = 1 + very;
                  very = 0;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "corroded ", l=9) ||
                     !strncmpi(bp, "rotted ", l=7)) {
                  eroded2 = 1 + very;
                  very = 0;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "partly eaten ", l=13)) {
                  halfeaten = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "historic ", l=9)) {
                  ishistoric = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "diluted ", l=8)) {
                  isdiluted = 1;
            } else break;
            bp += l;
      }
      if(!cnt) cnt = 1;       /* %% what with "gems" etc. ? */
      if(!strncmpi(bp, "empty ", 6)) {
            contents = EMPTY;
            bp += 6;
      }
      if (strlen(bp) > 1) {
          if (*bp == '+' || *bp == '-') {
            spesgn = (*bp++ == '+') ? 1 : -1;
            spe = atoi(bp);
            while(digit(*bp)) bp++;
            while(*bp == ' ') bp++;
          } else if ((p = rindex(bp, '(')) != 0) {
            if (p > bp && p[-1] == ' ') p[-1] = 0;
            else *p = 0;
            p++;
            if (!strcmpi(p, "lit)")) {
                islit = 1;
            } else {
                spe = atoi(p);
                while (digit(*p)) p++;
                if (*p == ':') {
                  p++;
                  rechrg = spe;
                  spe = atoi(p);
                  while (digit(*p)) p++;
                }
                if (*p != ')') {
                  spe = rechrg = 0;
                } else {
                  spesgn = 1;
                  p++;
                  if (*p) Strcat(bp, p);
                }
            }
          }
      }
/*
   otmp->spe is type schar; so we don't want spe to be any bigger or smaller.
   also, spe should always be positive  -- some cheaters may try to confuse
   atoi()
*/
      if (spe < 0) {
            spesgn = -1;      /* cheaters get what they deserve */
            spe = abs(spe);
      }
      if (spe > SCHAR_LIM)
            spe = SCHAR_LIM;
      if (rechrg < 0 || rechrg > 7) rechrg = 7; /* recharge_limit */

      /* now we have the actual name, as delivered by xname, say
            green potions called whisky
            scrolls labeled "QWERTY"
            egg
            fortune cookies
            very heavy iron ball named hoei
            wand of wishing
            elven cloak
      */
      if ((p = strstri(bp, " named ")) != 0) {
            *p = 0;
            name = p+7;
      }
      if ((p = strstri(bp, " called ")) != 0) {
            *p = 0;
            un = p+8;
            /* "helmet called telepathy" is not "helmet" (a specific type)
             * "shield called reflection" is not "shield" (a general type)
             */
            for(i = 0; i < SIZE(o_ranges); i++)
                if(!strcmpi(bp, o_ranges[i].name)) {
                  oclass = o_ranges[i].oclass;
                  goto srch;
                }
      }
      if ((p = strstri(bp, " labeled ")) != 0) {
            *p = 0;
            dn = p+9;
      } else if ((p = strstri(bp, " labelled ")) != 0) {
            *p = 0;
            dn = p+10;
      }
      if ((p = strstri(bp, " of spinach")) != 0) {
            *p = 0;
            contents = SPINACH;
      }

      /*
      Skip over "pair of ", "pairs of", "set of" and "sets of".

      Accept "3 pair of boots" as well as "3 pairs of boots". It is valid
      English either way.  See makeplural() for more on pair/pairs.

      We should only double count if the object in question is not
      refered to as a "pair of".  E.g. We should double if the player
      types "pair of spears", but not if the player types "pair of
      lenses".  Luckily (?) all objects that are refered to as pairs
      -- boots, gloves, and lenses -- are also not mergable, so cnt is
      ignored anyway.
      */
      if(!strncmpi(bp, "pair of ",8)) {
            bp += 8;
            cnt *= 2;
      } else if(cnt > 1 && !strncmpi(bp, "pairs of ",9)) {
            bp += 9;
            cnt *= 2;
      } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "set of ",7)) {
            bp += 7;
      } else if (!strncmpi(bp, "sets of ",8)) {
            bp += 8;
      }

      /*
       * Find corpse type using "of" (figurine of an orc, tin of orc meat)
       * Don't check if it's a wand or spellbook.
       * (avoid "wand/finger of death" confusion).
       */
      if (!strstri(bp, "wand ")
       && !strstri(bp, "spellbook ")
       && !strstri(bp, "finger ")) {
          if ((p = strstri(bp, " of ")) != 0
            && (mntmp = name_to_mon(p+4)) >= LOW_PM)
            *p = 0;
      }
      /* Find corpse type w/o "of" (red dragon scale mail, yeti corpse) */
      if (strncmpi(bp, "samurai sword", 13)) /* not the "samurai" monster! */
      if (strncmpi(bp, "wizard lock", 11)) /* not the "wizard" monster! */
      if (strncmpi(bp, "ninja-to", 8)) /* not the "ninja" rank */
      if (strncmpi(bp, "master key", 10)) /* not the "master" rank */
      if (mntmp < LOW_PM && strlen(bp) > 2 &&
          (mntmp = name_to_mon(bp)) >= LOW_PM) {
            int mntmptoo, mntmplen; /* double check for rank title */
            char *obp = bp;
            mntmptoo = title_to_mon(bp, (int *)0, &mntmplen);
            bp += mntmp != mntmptoo ? strlen(mons[mntmp].mname) : mntmplen;
            if (*bp == ' ') bp++;
            else if (!strncmpi(bp, "s ", 2)) bp += 2;
            else if (!strncmpi(bp, "es ", 3)) bp += 3;
            else if (!*bp && !actualn && !dn && !un && !oclass) {
                /* no referent; they don't really mean a monster type */
                bp = obp;
                mntmp = NON_PM;
            }
      }

      /* first change to singular if necessary */
      if (*bp) {
            char *sng = makesingular(bp);
            if (strcmp(bp, sng)) {
                  if (cnt == 1) cnt = 2;
                  Strcpy(bp, sng);
            }
      }

      /* Alternate spellings (pick-ax, silver sabre, &c) */
    {
      struct alt_spellings *as = spellings;

      while (as->sp) {
            if (fuzzymatch(bp, as->sp, " -", TRUE)) {
                  typ = as->ob;
                  goto typfnd;
            }
            as++;
      }
    }

      /* dragon scales - assumes order of dragons */
      if(!strcmpi(bp, "scales") &&
                  mntmp >= PM_GRAY_DRAGON && mntmp <= PM_YELLOW_DRAGON) {
            typ = GRAY_DRAGON_SCALES + mntmp - PM_GRAY_DRAGON;
            mntmp = NON_PM;   /* no monster */
            goto typfnd;
      }

      p = eos(bp);
      if(!BSTRCMPI(bp, p-10, "holy water")) {
            typ = POT_WATER;
            if ((p-bp) >= 12 && *(p-12) == 'u')
                  iscursed = 1; /* unholy water */
            else blessed = 1;
            goto typfnd;
      }
      if(unlabeled && !BSTRCMPI(bp, p-6, "scroll")) {
            typ = SCR_BLANK_PAPER;
            goto typfnd;
      }
      if(unlabeled && !BSTRCMPI(bp, p-9, "spellbook")) {
            typ = SPE_BLANK_PAPER;
            goto typfnd;
      }
      /*
       * NOTE: Gold pieces are handled as objects nowadays, and therefore
       * this section should probably be reconsidered as well as the entire
       * gold/money concept.  Maybe we want to add other monetary units as
       * well in the future. (TH)
       */
      if(!BSTRCMPI(bp, p-10, "gold piece") || !BSTRCMPI(bp, p-7, "zorkmid") ||
         !strcmpi(bp, "gold") || !strcmpi(bp, "money") ||
         !strcmpi(bp, "coin") || *bp == GOLD_SYM) {
                  if (cnt > 5000
#ifdef WIZARD
                              && !wizard
#endif
                                    ) cnt=5000;
            if (cnt < 1) cnt=1;
            pline("%d gold piece%s.", cnt, plur(cnt));
            u.ugold += cnt;
            flags.botl=1;
            return (&zeroobj);
      }
      if (strlen(bp) == 1 &&
         (i = def_char_to_objclass(*bp)) < MAXOCLASSES && i > ILLOBJ_CLASS
#ifdef WIZARD
          && (wizard || i != VENOM_CLASS)
#else
          && i != VENOM_CLASS
#endif
          ) {
            oclass = i;
            goto any;
      }

      /* Search for class names: XXXXX potion, scroll of XXXXX.  Avoid */
      /* false hits on, e.g., rings for "ring mail". */
      if(strncmpi(bp, "enchant ", 8) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "destroy ", 8) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "food detection", 14) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "ring mail", 9) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "studded leather arm", 19) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "leather arm", 11) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "tooled horn", 11) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "food ration", 11) &&
         strncmpi(bp, "meat ring", 9)
      )
      for (i = 0; i < (int)(sizeof wrpsym); i++) {
            register int j = strlen(wrp[i]);
            if(!strncmpi(bp, wrp[i], j)){
                  oclass = wrpsym[i];
                  if(oclass != AMULET_CLASS) {
                      bp += j;
                      if(!strncmpi(bp, " of ", 4)) actualn = bp+4;
                      /* else if(*bp) ?? */
                  } else
                      actualn = bp;
                  goto srch;
            }
            if(!BSTRCMPI(bp, p-j, wrp[i])){
                  oclass = wrpsym[i];
                  p -= j;
                  *p = 0;
                  if(p > bp && p[-1] == ' ') p[-1] = 0;
                  actualn = dn = bp;
                  goto srch;
            }
      }

      /* "grey stone" check must be before general "stone" */
      for (i = 0; i < SIZE(o_ranges); i++)
          if(!strcmpi(bp, o_ranges[i].name)) {
            typ = rnd_class(o_ranges[i].f_o_range, o_ranges[i].l_o_range);
            goto typfnd;
          }

      if (!BSTRCMPI(bp, p-6, " stone")) {
            p[-6] = 0;
            oclass = GEM_CLASS;
            dn = actualn = bp;
            goto srch;
      } else if (!BSTRCMPI(bp, p-6, " glass") || !strcmpi(bp, "glass")) {
            register char *g = bp;
            if (strstri(g, "broken")) return (struct obj *)0;
            if (!strncmpi(g, "worthless ", 10)) g += 10;
            if (!strncmpi(g, "piece of ", 9)) g += 9;
            if (!strncmpi(g, "colored ", 8)) g += 8;
            else if (!strncmpi(g, "coloured ", 9)) g += 9;
            if (!strcmpi(g, "glass")) {   /* choose random color */
                  /* 9 different kinds */
                  typ = LAST_GEM + rnd(9);
                  if (objects[typ].oc_class == GEM_CLASS) goto typfnd;
                  else typ = 0;     /* somebody changed objects[]? punt */
            } else if (g > bp) {    /* try to construct canonical form */
                  char tbuf[BUFSZ];
                  Strcpy(tbuf, "worthless piece of ");
                  Strcat(tbuf, g);  /* assume it starts with the color */
                  Strcpy(bp, tbuf);
            }
      }

      actualn = bp;
      if (!dn) dn = actualn; /* ex. "skull cap" */
srch:
      /* check real names of gems first */
      if(!oclass && actualn) {
          for(i = bases[GEM_CLASS]; i <= LAST_GEM; i++) {
            register const char *zn;

            if((zn = OBJ_NAME(objects[i])) && !strcmpi(actualn, zn)) {
                typ = i;
                goto typfnd;
            }
          }
      }
      i = oclass ? bases[(int)oclass] : 1;
      while(i < NUM_OBJECTS && (!oclass || objects[i].oc_class == oclass)){
            register const char *zn;

            if (actualn && (zn = OBJ_NAME(objects[i])) != 0 &&
                      wishymatch(actualn, zn, TRUE)) {
                  typ = i;
                  goto typfnd;
            }
            if (dn && (zn = OBJ_DESCR(objects[i])) != 0 &&
                      wishymatch(dn, zn, FALSE)) {
                  /* don't match extra descriptions (w/o real name) */
                  if (!OBJ_NAME(objects[i])) return (struct obj *)0;
                  typ = i;
                  goto typfnd;
            }
            if (un && (zn = objects[i].oc_uname) != 0 &&
                      wishymatch(un, zn, FALSE)) {
                  typ = i;
                  goto typfnd;
            }
            i++;
      }
      if (actualn) {
            struct Jitem *j = Japanese_items;
            while(j->item) {
                  if (actualn && !strcmpi(actualn, j->name)) {
                        typ = j->item;
                        goto typfnd;
                  }
                  j++;
            }
      }
      if (!strcmpi(bp, "spinach")) {
            contents = SPINACH;
            typ = TIN;
            goto typfnd;
      }
      /* Note: not strncmpi.  2 fruits, one capital, one not, are possible. */
      {
          char *fp;
          int l, cntf;
          int blessedf, iscursedf, uncursedf, halfeatenf;

          blessedf = iscursedf = uncursedf = halfeatenf = 0;
          cntf = 0;

          fp = fruitbuf;
          for(;;) {
            if (!fp || !*fp) break;
            if (!strncmpi(fp, "an ", l=3) ||
                !strncmpi(fp, "a ", l=2)) {
                  cntf = 1;
            } else if (!cntf && digit(*fp)) {
                  cntf = atoi(fp);
                  while(digit(*fp)) fp++;
                  while(*fp == ' ') fp++;
                  l = 0;
            } else if (!strncmpi(fp, "blessed ", l=8)) {
                  blessedf = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(fp, "cursed ", l=7)) {
                  iscursedf = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(fp, "uncursed ", l=9)) {
                  uncursedf = 1;
            } else if (!strncmpi(fp, "partly eaten ", l=13)) {
                  halfeatenf = 1;
            } else break;
            fp += l;
          }

          for(f=ffruit; f; f = f->nextf) {
            char *f1 = f->fname, *f2 = makeplural(f->fname);

            if(!strncmp(fp, f1, strlen(f1)) ||
                              !strncmp(fp, f2, strlen(f2))) {
                  typ = SLIME_MOLD;
                  blessed = blessedf;
                  iscursed = iscursedf;
                  uncursed = uncursedf;
                  halfeaten = halfeatenf;
                  cnt = cntf;
                  ftype = f->fid;
                  goto typfnd;
            }
          }
      }

      if(!oclass && actualn) {
          short objtyp;

          /* Perhaps it's an artifact specified by name, not type */
          name = artifact_name(actualn, &objtyp);
          if(name) {
            typ = objtyp;
            goto typfnd;
          }
      }
#ifdef WIZARD
      /* Let wizards wish for traps --KAA */
      /* must come after objects check so wizards can still wish for
       * trap objects like beartraps
       */
      if (wizard) {
            int trap;

            for (trap = NO_TRAP+1; trap < TRAPNUM; trap++) {
                  const char *tname;

                  tname = defsyms[trap_to_defsym(trap)].explanation;
                  if (!strncmpi(tname, bp, strlen(tname))) {
                        /* avoid stupid mistakes */
                        if((trap == TRAPDOOR || trap == HOLE)
                              && !Can_fall_thru(&u.uz)) trap = ROCKTRAP;
                        (void) maketrap(u.ux, u.uy, trap);
                        pline("%s.", An(tname));
                        return(&zeroobj);
                  }
            }
            /* or some other dungeon features -dlc */
            p = eos(bp);
            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-8, "fountain")) {
                  levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = FOUNTAIN;
                  level.flags.nfountains++;
                  if(!strncmpi(bp, "magic ", 6))
                        levl[u.ux][u.uy].blessedftn = 1;
                  pline("A %sfountain.",
                        levl[u.ux][u.uy].blessedftn ? "magic " : "");
                  newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                  return(&zeroobj);
            }
            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-6, "throne")) {
                  levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = THRONE;
                  pline("A throne.");
                  newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                  return(&zeroobj);
            }
# ifdef SINKS
            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "sink")) {
                  levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = SINK;
                  level.flags.nsinks++;
                  pline("A sink.");
                  newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                  return &zeroobj;
            }
# endif
            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "pool")) {
                  levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = POOL;
                  del_engr_at(u.ux, u.uy);
                  pline("A pool.");
                  /* Must manually make kelp! */
                  water_damage(level.objects[u.ux][u.uy], FALSE, TRUE);
                  newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                  return &zeroobj;
            }
            if (!BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "lava")) {  /* also matches "molten lava" */
                  levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = LAVAPOOL;
                  del_engr_at(u.ux, u.uy);
                  pline("A pool of molten lava.");
                  if (!(Levitation || Flying)) (void) lava_effects();
                  newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                  return &zeroobj;
            }

            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "altar")) {
                aligntyp al;

                levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = ALTAR;
                if(!strncmpi(bp, "chaotic ", 8))
                  al = A_CHAOTIC;
                else if(!strncmpi(bp, "neutral ", 8))
                  al = A_NEUTRAL;
                else if(!strncmpi(bp, "lawful ", 7))
                  al = A_LAWFUL;
                else if(!strncmpi(bp, "unaligned ", 10))
                  al = A_NONE;
                else /* -1 - A_CHAOTIC, 0 - A_NEUTRAL, 1 - A_LAWFUL */
                  al = (!rn2(6)) ? A_NONE : rn2((int)A_LAWFUL+2) - 1;
                levl[u.ux][u.uy].altarmask = Align2amask( al );
                pline("%s altar.", An(align_str(al)));
                newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                return(&zeroobj);
            }

            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-5, "grave") || !BSTRCMP(bp, p-9, "headstone")) {
                make_grave(u.ux, u.uy, (char *) 0);
                pline("A grave.");
                newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                return(&zeroobj);
            }

            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "tree")) {
                levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = TREE;
                pline("A tree.");
                newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                return &zeroobj;
            }

            if(!BSTRCMP(bp, p-4, "bars")) {
                levl[u.ux][u.uy].typ = IRONBARS;
                pline("Iron bars.");
                newsym(u.ux, u.uy);
                return &zeroobj;
            }
      }
#endif
      if(!oclass) return((struct obj *)0);
any:
      if(!oclass) oclass = wrpsym[rn2((int)sizeof(wrpsym))];
typfnd:
      if (typ) oclass = objects[typ].oc_class;

      /* check for some objects that are not allowed */
      if (typ && objects[typ].oc_unique) {
#ifdef WIZARD
          if (wizard)
            ;     /* allow unique objects */
          else
#endif
          switch (typ) {
            case AMULET_OF_YENDOR:
                  typ = FAKE_AMULET_OF_YENDOR;
                break;
            case CANDELABRUM_OF_INVOCATION:
                typ = rnd_class(TALLOW_CANDLE, WAX_CANDLE);
                break;
            case BELL_OF_OPENING:
                typ = BELL;
                break;
            case SPE_BOOK_OF_THE_DEAD:
                typ = SPE_BLANK_PAPER;
                break;
          }
      }

      /* catch any other non-wishable objects */
      if (objects[typ].oc_nowish
#ifdef WIZARD
          && !wizard
#endif
          )
          return((struct obj *)0);

      /* convert magic lamps to regular lamps before lighting them or setting
         the charges */
      if (typ == MAGIC_LAMP
#ifdef WIZARD
                        && !wizard
#endif
                                    )
          typ = OIL_LAMP;

      if(typ) {
            otmp = mksobj(typ, TRUE, FALSE);
      } else {
            otmp = mkobj(oclass, FALSE);
            if (otmp) typ = otmp->otyp;
      }

      if (islit &&
            (typ == OIL_LAMP || typ == MAGIC_LAMP || typ == BRASS_LANTERN ||
             Is_candle(otmp) || typ == POT_OIL)) {
          place_object(otmp, u.ux, u.uy);  /* make it viable light source */
          begin_burn(otmp, FALSE);
          obj_extract_self(otmp);    /* now release it for caller's use */
      }

      if(cnt > 0 && objects[typ].oc_merge && oclass != SPBOOK_CLASS &&
            (cnt < rnd(6) ||
#ifdef WIZARD
            wizard ||
#endif
             (cnt <= 7 && Is_candle(otmp)) ||
             (cnt <= 20 &&
              ((oclass == WEAPON_CLASS && is_ammo(otmp))
                        || typ == ROCK || is_missile(otmp)))))
                  otmp->quan = (long) cnt;

#ifdef WIZARD
      if (oclass == VENOM_CLASS) otmp->spe = 1;
#endif

      if (spesgn == 0) spe = otmp->spe;
#ifdef WIZARD
      else if (wizard) /* no alteration to spe */ ;
#endif
      else if (oclass == ARMOR_CLASS || oclass == WEAPON_CLASS ||
             is_weptool(otmp) ||
                  (oclass==RING_CLASS && objects[typ].oc_charged)) {
            if(spe > rnd(5) && spe > otmp->spe) spe = 0;
            if(spe > 2 && Luck < 0) spesgn = -1;
      } else {
            if (oclass == WAND_CLASS) {
                  if (spe > 1 && spesgn == -1) spe = 1;
            } else {
                  if (spe > 0 && spesgn == -1) spe = 0;
            }
            if (spe > otmp->spe) spe = otmp->spe;
      }

      if (spesgn == -1) spe = -spe;

      /* set otmp->spe.  This may, or may not, use spe... */
      switch (typ) {
            case TIN: if (contents==EMPTY) {
                        otmp->corpsenm = NON_PM;
                        otmp->spe = 0;
                  } else if (contents==SPINACH) {
                        otmp->corpsenm = NON_PM;
                        otmp->spe = 1;
                  }
                  break;
            case SLIME_MOLD: otmp->spe = ftype;
                  /* Fall through */
            case SKELETON_KEY: case CHEST: case LARGE_BOX:
            case HEAVY_IRON_BALL: case IRON_CHAIN: case STATUE:
                  /* otmp->cobj already done in mksobj() */
                        break;
#ifdef MAIL
            case SCR_MAIL: otmp->spe = 1; break;
#endif
            case WAN_WISHING:
#ifdef WIZARD
                  if (!wizard) {
#endif
                        otmp->spe = (rn2(10) ? -1 : 0);
                        break;
#ifdef WIZARD
                  }
                  /* fall through, if wizard */
#endif
            default: otmp->spe = spe;
      }

      /* set otmp->corpsenm or dragon scale [mail] */
      if (mntmp >= LOW_PM) switch(typ) {
            case TIN:
                  otmp->spe = 0; /* No spinach */
                  if (dead_species(mntmp, FALSE)) {
                      otmp->corpsenm = NON_PM;  /* it's empty */
                  } else if (!(mons[mntmp].geno & G_UNIQ) &&
                           !(mvitals[mntmp].mvflags & G_NOCORPSE) &&
                           mons[mntmp].cnutrit != 0) {
                      otmp->corpsenm = mntmp;
                  }
                  break;
            case CORPSE:
                  if (!(mons[mntmp].geno & G_UNIQ) &&
                           !(mvitals[mntmp].mvflags & G_NOCORPSE)) {
                      /* beware of random troll or lizard corpse,
                         or of ordinary one being forced to such */
                      if (otmp->timed) obj_stop_timers(otmp);
                      otmp->corpsenm = mntmp;
                      start_corpse_timeout(otmp);
                  }
                  break;
            case FIGURINE:
                  if (!(mons[mntmp].geno & G_UNIQ)
                      && !is_human(&mons[mntmp])
#ifdef MAIL
                      && mntmp != PM_MAIL_DAEMON
#endif
                                          )
                        otmp->corpsenm = mntmp;
                  break;
            case EGG:
                  mntmp = can_be_hatched(mntmp);
                  if (mntmp != NON_PM) {
                      otmp->corpsenm = mntmp;
                      if (!dead_species(mntmp, TRUE))
                        attach_egg_hatch_timeout(otmp);
                      else
                        kill_egg(otmp);
                  }
                  break;
            case STATUE: otmp->corpsenm = mntmp;
                  if (Has_contents(otmp) && verysmall(&mons[mntmp]))
                      delete_contents(otmp);    /* no spellbook */
                  otmp->spe = ishistoric;
                  break;
            case SCALE_MAIL:
                  /* Dragon mail - depends on the order of objects */
                  /*           & dragons.              */
                  if (mntmp >= PM_GRAY_DRAGON &&
                                    mntmp <= PM_YELLOW_DRAGON)
                      otmp->otyp = GRAY_DRAGON_SCALE_MAIL +
                                        mntmp - PM_GRAY_DRAGON;
                  break;
      }

      /* set blessed/cursed -- setting the fields directly is safe
       * since weight() is called below and addinv() will take care
       * of luck */
      if (iscursed) {
            curse(otmp);
      } else if (uncursed) {
            otmp->blessed = 0;
            otmp->cursed = (Luck < 0
#ifdef WIZARD
                               && !wizard
#endif
                                          );
      } else if (blessed) {
            otmp->blessed = (Luck >= 0
#ifdef WIZARD
                               || wizard
#endif
                                          );
            otmp->cursed = (Luck < 0
#ifdef WIZARD
                               && !wizard
#endif
                                          );
      } else if (spesgn < 0) {
            curse(otmp);
      }

#ifdef INVISIBLE_OBJECTS
      if (isinvisible) otmp->oinvis = 1;
#endif

      /* set eroded */
      if (is_damageable(otmp) || otmp->otyp == CRYSKNIFE) {
          if (eroded && (is_flammable(otmp) || is_rustprone(otmp)))
                otmp->oeroded = eroded;
          if (eroded2 && (is_corrodeable(otmp) || is_rottable(otmp)))
                otmp->oeroded2 = eroded2;

          /* set erodeproof */
          if (erodeproof && !eroded && !eroded2)
                otmp->oerodeproof = (Luck >= 0
#ifdef WIZARD
                                   || wizard
#endif
                              );
      }

      /* set otmp->recharged */
      if (oclass == WAND_CLASS) {
          /* prevent wishing abuse */
          if (otmp->otyp == WAN_WISHING
#ifdef WIZARD
                && !wizard
#endif
            ) rechrg = 1;
          otmp->recharged = (unsigned)rechrg;
      }

      /* set poisoned */
      if (ispoisoned) {
          if (is_poisonable(otmp))
            otmp->opoisoned = (Luck >= 0);
          else if (Is_box(otmp) || typ == TIN)
            otmp->otrapped = 1;
          else if (oclass == FOOD_CLASS)
            /* try to taint by making it as old as possible */
            otmp->age = 1L;
      }

      if (isgreased) otmp->greased = 1;

      if (isdiluted && otmp->oclass == POTION_CLASS &&
                  otmp->otyp != POT_WATER)
            otmp->odiluted = 1;

      if (name) {
            const char *aname;
            short objtyp;

            /* an artifact name might need capitalization fixing */
            aname = artifact_name(name, &objtyp);
            if (aname && objtyp == otmp->otyp) name = aname;

            otmp = oname(otmp, name);
            if (otmp->oartifact) {
                  otmp->quan = 1L;
                  u.uconduct.wisharti++;  /* KMH, conduct */
            }
      }

      /* more wishing abuse: don't allow wishing for certain artifacts */
      /* and make them pay; charge them for the wish anyway! */
      if ((is_quest_artifact(otmp) ||
           (otmp->oartifact && rn2(nartifact_exist()) > 1))
#ifdef WIZARD
          && !wizard
#endif
          ) {
          artifact_exists(otmp, ONAME(otmp), FALSE);
          obfree(otmp, (struct obj *) 0);
          otmp = &zeroobj;
          pline(
           "For a moment, you feel %s in your %s, but it disappears!",
              something,
              makeplural(body_part(HAND)));
      }

      otmp->owt = weight(otmp);
      if (very && otmp->otyp == HEAVY_IRON_BALL) otmp->owt += 160;
      if (halfeaten && otmp->oclass == FOOD_CLASS) {
            if (otmp->otyp == CORPSE)
                  otmp->oeaten = mons[otmp->corpsenm].cnutrit;
            else otmp->oeaten = objects[otmp->otyp].oc_nutrition;
            otmp->owt /= 2;
            otmp->oeaten /= 2;
            if (!otmp->owt) otmp->owt = 1;
            if (!otmp->oeaten) otmp->oeaten = 1;
      }
      return(otmp);
}

int
rnd_class(first,last)
int first,last;
{
      int i, x, sum=0;

      if (first == last)
          return (first);
      for(i=first; i<=last; i++)
            sum += objects[i].oc_prob;
      if (!sum) /* all zero */
            return first + rn2(last-first+1);
      x = rnd(sum);
      for(i=first; i<=last; i++)
            if (objects[i].oc_prob && (x -= objects[i].oc_prob) <= 0)
                  return i;
      return 0;
}

STATIC_OVL const char *
Japanese_item_name(i)
int i;
{
      struct Jitem *j = Japanese_items;

      while(j->item) {
            if (i == j->item)
                  return j->name;
            j++;
      }
      return (const char *)0;
}
#endif /* OVLB */

/*objnam.c*/

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